Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying science

If you have a young, vibrant, growing 10 and 11 years old like mine, you’re most likely frustrated with the way they dissect their toys mercilessly.So here we give some Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying They are curious and inquisitive but find structured curriculum based textual study a challenge. Science is too textual and too many diagrams but too less fun; Mathematics is frustrating. And we parents? We wonder!

It’s not like they do not enjoy the applications of science, it’s just that the theory doesn’t sit well with them; leaving us parents at a loss of what to do to spark that interest. Here are a few ideas I found helpful enough to share with you, because as parents the least we can do is to make studying fun for them.

Botany and Agriculture:

Your kitchen and your kitchen garden are awesome tools to get very young kids interested in botany. The plants, their leaves, their colors, the patterns are all methods to keep them intrigued enough when they need to read about the structure of a flower. Let them identify which part of a plant they are eating through their salads.

Similarly, your kitchen and fridge can educate young ones into which condiments are roots, which herbs are crushed leaves, which pulses and grains are staple to which area (Remember the crops of India in Geography? ) I wish someone had asked me to stick rice and pulses on the map to indicate locations rather than their names!

On weekends a visit to the nearby nursery, or farm or a garden in the least will enhance the education manifold without making it look like study.

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-botany-and-agriculture

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-botany-and-agriculture

Chemistry:

Again kitchen and bathroom are going to be handy. Kitchen is full of harmless chemicals. Acids, bases, turmeric powder with soaps, yeast, soaps, detergents and much more is available to discuss organic and biochemistry. You can use salad pieces to organize bond structures.

Label your bottles of salt as NaCl and sugar as Fructose and see if you don’t pique their curiosity enough.

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-chemistry

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-chemistry

Physics:

Now this one is slightly complicated. While it may be OK to demonstrate mechanics using simple balls, pivots, and other toys; it is not easy to take chances like opening up a lamp to show how it works. And that’s where expert and external help comes into picture. There are some experiments happening in the education industry to solve the challenges in science education for kids.

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-physics

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-physics

Organizations like Projectsforschool create simple, knock down, fun DIY (Do it yourself) kits for parents to let their young ones experiment with physics concepts like electricity, magnetism.

Maths:

While a lot of Mathematics is abstract, you can teach them addition and subtraction using toffees, coins, currency. You can teach fractions using cakes and desserts. Cardboard boxes can be used to teach area basic concepts of volume and area. Profit and loss can be taught while shopping and probability using dices when playing ludo.It is also an great Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying maths.

 

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-Math

Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying-Math

 

I find all these Tips to generate interest in your kids towards studying tricks useful to create interest for the Science – Maths courses and have found them both fun and useful. What do you try? Do share!

Get your child away from TV

Getting away from the idiot box is hard enough

What happens when the task is to get your child to tear their eyes away from the TV? Tears! Tantrums! Tiring sermons! TV has been linked to obesity and eye strain. Not to mention it distorts a viewer’s sense of reality. Get your child away from TV may sound like a herculean task. But it isn’t. Not if you follow a few simple steps.

Try these simple methods to Get your child away from TV

  • Family Game Night

Family game night does not mean vegging out in front of the TV watching highlights of an old cricket game. It means time to pull out the old Scrabble or Monopoly game or encourage your child to think about some new school project ideas or go total old-school with carrom. “Rani toh Pappani!”

Get your child away from TV-family-game-night

Get your child away from TV-family-game-night

  • Camping

Who wants TV when you can watch stars? No matter if you are not in the woods. Set up your tent in your backyard and tell spooky stories around a campfire and encourage him to think about some interesting  school projects ideas through nature. It doesn’t have to be a huge tent even, just a barbecue sort of fire would do well enough!

Get your child away from TV-camping

Get your child away from TV-camping

  • Get Out

When the weather is warm and the sun sets later in the day, get out of the house. It’s okay if you don’t go far. Just the park around the corner will do. Play Frisbee with your kids and dog. Go for a walk or a long drive. An evening in the pool is also a great way to spend the evening.

Get your child away from TV-get-out

Get your child away from TV-get-out

  • TV reduction plan

There’s no point in putting a blanket ban on TV. It will lead to rebellion doing more harm than good. Sit with your kid and plan TV viewing time slots. Let them choose the shows they really like and allow them to watch only those. Ask them what they’d like to do during their free time. Encourage them to think new school project ideas that they can create.

Get your child away from TV- tv-reduction-

Get your child away from TV- tv-reduction-plan

  • Take TVs out of bedrooms

Just because a TV is affordable and keeps the kids out of your hair does not mean that you install a TV in every room. Having TVs in bedrooms is unacceptable. Bedrooms are for peace and quiet. Keep the TV in the living room which is easy for you to monitor. It helps when there’s only one TV and monitoring what your kids watch is easier.

 Get your child away from TV-tv-outside-of-bedroom

Get your child away from TV-tv-outside-of-bedroom

 

  • Provide alternatives

What is the point of only watching someone do science experiments on TV?  School project ideas should be taken from these shows and implemented. Erupting volcanoes and 3D models look so cool on TV. Imagine how much cooler it would be to implement these school project ideas. Kids should read book aimed at their ages, find out new science project ideas to try out. They can even use project kits to experiment with new school project ideas.

 Get your child away from TV- provide alternatives

Get your child away from TV- provide alternatives

  • Kindle the sporting spirit

Keep a good supply of balls, shuttlecocks, bats, rackets, and games handy. Be active together. Don’t sit on the sidelines like a slob. Play with your kids. The benefits will show on your physique as well.

 Get your child away from TV-kindle-the-sporting-spirit

Get your child away from TV-kindle-the-sporting-spirit

 

  • Go on outings together

Plan study trips. Check out your nearest museums, aquariums, zoos and science centres. Study trips needn’t be only through the school. For example my college tech fest had an ISRO exhibition that many school children came to see. This will inspire them and give them new school project ideas. They may even end up making friends, even those older than them. Believe me or not I am currently mentoring three kids who visited the tech fest and made me their friend and is a better way to get your child away from TV.

Get your child away from TV-go-on-outing-together

Get your child away from TV-go-on-outing-together

Do a variety of things that encourage the kids to explore their world through all five senses. Let them see, touch and hear everything for themselves. Not before long, you will realize that your kids are free of the addiction!

Traffic light

Did you know the first traffic light actually exploded injuring its operator?

The first traffic light ever was installed on December 9, 1968 in London outside the House of Parliament to control the traffic in the nearby three streets.

Based on all the future developments, traffic lights can be classified in various ways.

Traffic light

Traffic light

Classification on the basis of the automation of traffic lights:

There are two categories of traffic control system: A fixed system and a dynamic one. The dynamic traffic control systems can be further classified based on the types of detectors used in them.

The fixed traffic light control system is configured to switch lights after a certain period of time. The time interval depends on the region and traffic values. It has a controller that moves with dial timers to be able to display a certain color for a small interval of time.

Dynamic traffic control systems, on the other hand, are more appropriate as they are able to adapt their settings according to the crowd present at different times of day.

When a car passes over the Embedded Detector, it simply sends the information to the traffic light. In this way, the traffic system which can already control the timing by itself, knows for sure that there’s a line of cars waiting for the signal to go green. This kind of detector is generally expensive due to its cost installation and maintenance.

Mounted Detectors are quite affordable and its installation is not affected by any other systems located in its proximity. Not only these are inexpensive, but they also send over more information to the traffic lights which include real-time photos.

Classification on the basis of the use of a traffic signal

Let’s look at the following categories:

Junction Signal:

This signal control vehicles coming towards a certain junction in a contradictory manner. With the help of a camera mounted on it, it monitors and responds to the flow of traffic, whether heavy or light.

Pelican:

It facilitates the street crossing for people. This signal displays a digital dotted green-man signal or a red-man signal crossing for a fixed interval of time. Hence, it indicates for common people, according to its color, when it is safe to cross the street and when not.

Toucan:

This signal controls a shared crossing for common people and cyclists. It is usually wider than the Pelican Crossing mentioned above. It has standard red/green/yellow signals with a green digital cycle next to the man hence controlling the traffic of both of them (Cyclists and Pedestrians) at the same time. When the Toucan is busy, detectors help it by increasing the crossing time.

Equestrian Crossing:

This is mainly used by horse riders and more than often referred to as Pegasus crossing. Red and green horse signal display helps the riders to know when you can cross the street and when not.

Zebra:

Last, but not least, this is the one we all are very familiar with. It is again a pedestrian crossing facility. This mostly works in combination to the traffic light. When a pedestrian steps on to this area, a motorist has to give way. This crossing also has orange flashing light at both its end to indicate the presence of the crossing.

Zebra crossing

Zebra crossing

Traffic Signal Color Coding:

Red was the color that denoted blood and thus it was selected to stop the vehicles. It became the symbol of danger. Also, even in misty environment, red color could be seen from far distance and hence avoided fatal collisions.

Green symbolizing nature was chosen as signal for relaxing as observed by human emotions. And it was clearly visible at the night time and since it is quite a contrast in comparison to red and yellow, it would never create confusion for the drivers.

As for Yellow, most people believe that it symbolizes sun and is taken as a sign of caution.

Over the years, traffic lights have evolved although maintaining the basic colors to accommodate people suffering from color blindness. Red-green color blindness, these days, is the most common form of visual impairment. Hence the red light comes with a little orange and green comes with a little blue to address this socio-medical issue.

We can conclude that traffic lights were a great invention for all of us. But what if I tell you can build one too? That way you could teach him about this simple invention that we use in our day to day lives. Don’t worry; you can get the raw materials from Projects For School-Traffic light DIY Kit. If you are a parent who believes in “Practical is always better than just theory “then this is the ‘go to’ place for you.  Explore it. You just might find a great science project for your kids this semester!

 References

http://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-1460,00.html

http://www.autoevolution.com/news/how-do-traffic-light-control-systems-work-41839.html

http://www.rulesoftheroad.ie/rules-for-driving/traffic-lights-and-signals/traffic-lights.html

http://www.drivingtesttips.biz/pelican-crossing.html

https://www.safedrivingforlife.info/blog/whats-difference-between-zebra-puffin-and-pelican-crossings

 

 

Angry Teenagers (Dealing with your child’s anger issues)

Angry Teenagers – Channelizing it

through activities 

When your teen is angry and screaming at you, it is very tempting to scream louder so you “win” the argument. But what does that do? In addition to prolonging the argument yelling back also means that you’re giving up your power. Giving in to the temptation can be quite costly in ways you probably didn’t realize. When you yell at your child, it simply escalates the argument and it turns him into an angry teenager.

Angry Teenagers (Dealing with your child's anger issues)

Angry Teenagers (Dealing with your child’s anger issues)

What not to do

  • Curse or name-call:  

    There’s no excuse for abuse—not by your child and not by you. Being verbally abusive to your child only makes things worse, both in the short-term when the argument escalates, and in the long-term when your relationship with your child becomes strained.

  • Attempt to control that angry teenager:

    This is one of the biggest stumbling blocks for parents. We hear from parents every day who, without realizing it, are trying to control their children. Holding your child accountable does not result in a child who is obedient all the time. Accountability means that you set the rules and you provide a consequence when your child decides to break the rules. You’re not a puppeteer; you’re a limit-setter. Let your child make his own choice. When a child experiences this unpleasant outcome, he can use that information to help him think about things next time he is considering breaking the rules.

  • Get physical:  

    A beating is not the way a teen will learn to do the right things. Often parents beat their children to the extent that they simply become immune to the punishment. In other cases, teens can be severely affected emotionally by it. Fear can set inside their mind.

Angry Teenager

Angry Teenager

What to Do

  • Walk away and calm down:  

    Ask yourself if the issue needs to be dealt with right now? Should you take some time to calm down before you address it with your child? Think about the situation carefully and allow things to cool down. You can address it later if you still feel the issue is important after you’ve thought it through. Teach your child the same technique.

  • Use a business-like tone:  

    When things are turbulent, address your child in the same tone with which a professionally-mannered boss would address an employee with poor performance. Stay calm and neutral, and stick to the facts.

  • Be honest:  

    Let your child know you’re having a hard time communicating with them when they fly into a rage. It’s perfectly okay to say things like, “When you scream at me, it doesn’t help any of us.”  This is a simple way to let them know their behavior isn’t working.

  • Channelize anger:Get your teen to work on different projects for school. Anger can be easily controlled with some constructive distractions like projects for school. Here at Projects for School, India, we have many science project kits which will help children educationally. Projects for School aims to provide children with educational and fun projects which will help channelize their energy in the right direction.
Angry Teenager

Angry Teenager

Visit www.projectsforschool.com and choose from among a wide range of science kits.

We love to assist our visitors, students, parents in their quest to learn science, you are welcome to leave your questions / comments. Chat with us, use contact us from here or on our facebook page (www.facebook.com/projectsforschool/). In conclusion, drop us an email for any other queries and we would certainly reply with an answer to your queries!!

Telescope

Telescope and it’s applications

Do you remember the time you’d sit on your bed pretending to steer an imaginary ship? Your younger siblings used to yell, “Aye, Captain!” while you did your best imitation of Popeye. You’d roll a newspaper and peer out of one end spotting a whale through your makeshift telescope. And then one fine day, you were thrilled (maybe not so thrilled!) to discover what exactly a telescope is? Well Watson, time for us to show to the young ones (siblings, kids or cousins) interesting things about the telescope!

What is a telescope?

It is an optical instrument designed to make distant objects appear larger. It contains an arrangement of lenses, or curved mirrors and lenses, by which rays of light are collected and focused. The resulting image gets magnified.

On the lighter note, it’s a tube with two lenses that makes you see objects that are faaaaar away (yep, that far, really!) and makes them look BIG (yep, that big too!). Without this tube, the objects would be just little dots in the sky or the sea. Since I know you’re already rolling your eyes at me, so I promise to be all so serious as I describe the telescope.

Telescope

Telescope

How a Telescope Works

When you hold a magnifying glass a few inches away from a notebook page, the words on the page appear magnified. When you look at a distant object through the same magnifying glass, you see an upside-down image of the object.

Astronomical telescope

An astronomical telescope makes use of two lenses, one of which works in each of these ways. The lens in the front of the telescope (the objective lens) produces an upside-down image of the object. The lens near the eye (the eye lens) magnifies that upside-down image. As a result, you see distant objects closer.

Telescope

Astronomical telescope

Optical telescope

An optical telescope however, gathers and focuses light from the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum, to create a magnified image.

Telescope

Optical telescope

There are 3 primary types of optical telescope:

  • Refractors, which use lenses
  • Reflectors, which use mirrors
  • Catadioptric telescopes, which use a combination of both lenses and mirrors

These telescopes increase the apparent size of distant objects as well as their apparent brightness.

History

          The first optical telescope was basically constructed by the lens-grinder Dutchman, Hans Lippershey in 1608. Interestingly, Galileo Galilei is sometimes wrongly credited with its invention. He built the first astronomical telescope from a tube containing two lenses of different focal lengths aligned on a single axis in the following year.

Galileo's Telescope

Galileo’s Telescope

With this telescope, he made the first telescopic observations of the sky. He discovered lunar mountains, four of Jupiter’s moons and sunspots. We learnt that Saturn had rings and that the Milky Way was not a cloud but a collection of stars! It was a revolution in the scientific world!! The secrets of the heavens finally seen! Since then, telescopes have increased in size and improved in image quality. Computers are now used to take photographs of the observations made with the help of telescopes.

Now that we know what the lens / mirror tube is all about and who made it, why not also discover what it does?

Applications of telescopes

  • They are used by astronomers most importantly, to discover the cosmic world in great detail. The Hubble telescope was used to discover galaxies beyond our own.
  • Before GPS, radar and sonar, the humble telescope was used to spot land by navigators in a ship. It was also used by merchant ship sailors, explorers and pirates. (Arrrr!!).
  • Telescopes are basically also used by ornithologists (bird scientists) for spotting rare birds from far away.

I sometimes wonder how astonishing it must’ve been for astronomers – to peer through a telescope and glimpse the true beauty of the heavens! The explorers of the past have relied on this invention to help them sail through uncharted waters. The telescope truly changed the way we humans viewed the world!

Oh and before I sign off, do check out this cool kit at (link) to make your own telescope!

We love to assist our visitors, students, parents in their quest to learn science, you are welcome to leave your questions / comments. Chat with us, use contact us from here or on our facebook page (www.facebook.com/projectsforschool/). In conclusion, drop us an email for any other queries and we would certainly reply with an answer to your queries!!