Journey of robotics from Da Vinci to the latest models
Did you know Leonardo da Vinci , artist of the famous Monalisa, also had a sketch of a robot in his notebook?
Let us take you through an impeccable journey of robotics from Da Vinci to the latest models. The Italian artist, who lived from 1452 to 1519, had a sketched out plan for building a robot. This robot, according to the analysis of its sketch, was able to perform the basic human movements. A few examples of the movements would be sitting up, moving its head and jaw and waving its arm. It was known as “Robotic Knight”.
But this was not the first instance of robotics in the history. Around 350 BC, the great Greek mathematician, Archytas of Tarentum built the first model airplane which was
nothing but a mechanical bird propelled by steam.
I know, many of you would be saying that airplane does not fall under robotics. So to clear it up, a robot is nothing but a mechanical device that is able to make “smart” decisions. This “smart” decision can be made either by a electronic circuit present in the machine, or a computer program that controls movements. In the above airplane’s case the movement was done with the help of steam. Now that is simply smart!
Since then, Robotics has grown leaps and bounds as an independent stream of studies. We are at the brink of developing even artificial emotive intelligence. But did you know that most simple and everyday utility robots could be broadly classified on the basis of either application or their movement?
Let us first look at the Journey of robotics from Da Vinci to the latest models.
Used in manufacturing environment, have specifically well built arms used for welding, material handling, etc.
As you can see in the picture, this is a welding arm robot.
Doing household chores, these robots are mainly used for cleaning purposes or for surveillance purposes. Look at the vacuum cleaning robot of the first generation here.
These are used in the hospitals and medicine industry. To state the advancement in robotics, some of these robots assist the doctors in surgery while many of them help for lifting different kinds of heavy material. Don’t believe me? Have a look at the below picture:
Military and Space robots:
Robotics has found its applications in critical fields like military also. In order to reduce human causality, robots are used for bomb disposals. Many of us hear about “drones” these days. Drones are nothing but robots that provide our soldiers with the aerial surveillance and data.
For collecting the data from Mars for research purposes, NASA had used a robot named as “Mars Rovers”.
Hobby and competition robots:
In order to generate interest in kids for robotics, many nations have started holding competitions of different levels. At early stages, these were just line following robots. Great way to learn, have fun and develop a healthy competitive spirit.
After looking at the classification of robots on the basis of the purpose they serve, let’s also look at some categories of robots based on their movement.
- Polar robot: It is used for many purposes, one of them being machine handling. It has a base that can rotate, and mounted on the base at certain height is the arm.
- Cylindrical robot: Designed for spot welding and assembling purpose. Arms are form a cylindrical co-ordinate system.
- Cartesian robot: It is built for pick and put work and helps in assembly of different heavy machinery parts. Its arms are designed to similar to Cartesian co-ordinate system and hence the name.
- Jointed arm: Two armed robot whose joints are free to rotate.
- SCARA robot: Its full form is Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm. As we can see in the picture, it is a four axis material handling robot.
A few of the top notch robots currently present in the world:
The current trend in robotics favors humanoid robots that is, robots that are able to perform and behave s closely as possible to humans. Now to make things a lot interesting, let us look at the top five humanoid robots present in the world:
- ASIMO: It would be injustice to this terrific robot, ASIMO (Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility ), if we do not include him. It is three foot tall robot that can walk up and down the stairs, has the ability to run or walk on a plain surface and also pick up objects. It can also respond to voice commands and turn its head to the direction of any noise.
- PETMAN: Protection Ensemble Test MANnequin (PETMAN) walks in a very human like manner across the uneven terrains too.
- NAO: It is more precise and advanced than ASIMO. Used in teaching social skills to autistic children. I am sure you would find it absolutely adorable.
- Atlas: This can move in any kind of terrain. It does not have that much human like feature but its performance is quite good.
I don’t know about you, but after learning so much about this amazing piece of machinery, I wonder if I could build one of my own. Oh wait! I can and so can my kid. With “Bristle Bot Simple Robot” kit present on http://www.projectsforschool.com it becomes fairly easy to get
things going. And of course, I can brag my knowledge about robotics to my colleagues too. Well I am going to order one right away. You can too. Help yourself at Bristle Bot Simple Robot.
In conclusion, for more projects and ideas related to your child’s work you are free to visit our website http://www.projectsforschool.com